الجمعة، 4 فبراير، 2011

مشروع سكني في القرنة, العراق 2011

مشروع سكني في القرنة، العراق، 2011

T-Wall Housing / New World Design LLC


Construction Diagram
Turning an element synonymous with security in into a method for constructing affordable housing, New World Design LLC has shared with us their T-Wall Housing proposal for , Basrah, . Follow after the jump for further images and a description from the architects.

The T-wall—a freestanding precast concrete panel with a footing cast into the base—is perhaps the most ubiquitous architectural element in 's security landscape.  Used to create barricades around secure military zones, T-walls are scattered across the country by the millions, and as American forces draw down their forward operating bases in , hundreds of thousands of these T-walls will be either discarded or crushed.  Due to their steel reinforcing, most T-walls will be banished to so-called T-wall graveyards, to be stored for an indeterminate amount of time for an undetermined purpose.
Rather than waste these materials, which are strong enough to serve as structural members for low-rise construction, this project intends to use them to address one of the most pressing socioeconomic problems facing post-war : the housing shortage.  Millions of Iraqi families are currently without housing, and by repurposing the orphaned T-walls to construct rapidly assembled, high-quality, low-cost housing, this project has the potential to transform one of the most omnipresent visual symbols of the occupation into physical spaces of hope and rebirth for the people of .
The design of each house emerges from a careful study of traditional Iraqi dwelling patterns while capitalizing on its urban configuration.  All the homes feature a traditional forecourt, which projects a sense of dignity for visitors and homeowners alike, and each L-shaped house is coupled with its neighbor to form an internal courtyard where children can safely play and women can freely interact with each other.  By coupling the homes, it is also possible to combine housing units for large and extended families, which are common throughout .
The interiors of the homes are organized in order to segregate public and private spaces, with the dinning and kitchen area acting as a hinge between the two zones.  To minimize the costs of heating and cooling, careful measures have been taken to maximize both the thermal massing properties of the T-walls (each T-wall has a potential R-value of 14, analogous to a conventional CMU cavity wall) and the natural ventilation of the spaces.  The design of each home incorporates a large, double-height wind tower—a traditional design found on indigenous buildings throughout the Middle East—over the front sitting room, which dramatically improves the home's ventilation and imparts a sense of grandeur to the public sitting room while recalling traditional Arabic building typologies on the exterior.

Plan

Wall Plan
Architects: New World Design LLC
Location: , Basrah,
Architect in charge:
Jeffrey OlingerSize: 150 sqm per unit, 10 units totalYear: 2010






 
Dr. EMAD H. ISMAEEL
                  Dept. of Architecture E-mail:        emadhanee@yahoo.com
                  University of Mosul
                  Mosul - Iraq
                  emadhanee@gmail.com
                  http://emadhani.blogspot.com/
Tel :           +964 (0)770 164 93 74
                 

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