Hydro-electric powerstation, Kempten, Germany

Hydro-electric powerstation, Kempten
On the left banks of the river Iller a new, highly efficient hydro – electric powerstation substituted an older powerstation from the Fifties by now supporting approximately 3000 households with 10,5 million kilowatt – hours of environmentally friendly power per year. Specialised engineering consultants had nearly finished planning the project, until the authorising agency demanded a design, that would fit in a subtly manner into the listed building ensemble of a former spinnery / weavery and the natural space of the Iller.

The starting point of the design considerations was the symbolic representation of the water dynamics, which change from a calm state at the water inlet to the churning and pitching of the water near to the turbines, before subsequently returning to a calm state after the electricity generation. Further associations included the river-washed rock formations in close proximity to the location of the power plant. The concept intended to connect the limit points machine room including turbines / generators and retention bar weir / rack cleaning with a continuous wrapping that dives underneath a historical steel – framework of a former bridge for wires, in order to avoid its total demolition.
The softly shaped wrapping nestles against the technical underground engineering parts and creates thus space for many connotations, among them a smoothed river stone, a frozen wave or a stranded whale and so on. It`s quite interesting that each observer is thinking about an own image for the building.
In close continuance of the underground construction the reinforced concrete wrapping is fitted on selective plate bearings with a revolving gap (2 cm) in order to compensate longitudinal deformation. In crosswise direction ribs stabilise the construction similar to the ribs of a boat, that is turned around. The structure that is like a skeleton generates a fascinating sequence of interior rooms, which are changing between dome dimensions and intimate sizes. All notches, that are technical essentially, were reduced as much as possible in order to reach a homogeneous appearance. Even a (via truck – mounted crane) complete removable component (lightweight concrete) in case of log jam disappears almost. The three – dimensional curved concrete nape was formed by rough planks in the interior and was protected by an economic spraying with gravel inlets on the exterior surfaces.
Thus manifold reflections were generated, creating different appearances according to the changing weather and daylight. During the execution ecological issues like the integration of a fish ladder were considered and also things as for example airborne and structure – borne noise prevention measures. The interior lightning percolates through gaps and run – in and run – out jaws towards the exterior and provides an impressive orchestration for the flaneur.
Despite the huge dimensions a very differentiated formation was created, that on the one hand assimilates the surroundings and on the other hand a self – confident building is now existing, that will get part of a later public `hydro – power experience`. Public frequency is the consequence of a new continuous track for pedestrians and cyclists along the former weavery and provides an greater impulse for the further contribution of the city towards its river.
Structural engineer (underground construction) : RMD Consult, Munich

Structural engineer (building construction) : Konstruktionsgruppe Bauen, Kempten

Consultant building physics : Mueller BBM GmbH, Planegg
Consultant sound protection (underground construction) : TIWAG, Innsbruck (Austria)
Consultant sound protection (building construction) : Tecum, Kempten
Consultant fire protection : IB Reiner Krebs, Dietmannsried
Consultant lighning protection : Kunisch Blitzschutz, Marktoberdorf
Consultant security and health protection : Harald Kopp, Kempten
Mechanical engineering : VA_Tech Escher Wyss GmbH, Ravensburg
Steel construction for hydraulic engineering : Erhard Muhr mbH, Brandenburg
Project Facts
Location : Keselstraße 14 a, D – 87435 Kempten / Allgaeu, Bavaria, Germany
Construction period : november 2007 – june 2010
Ground-plan area (gross) : approx. 1 040 m²;
effective area : approx. 590 m²

Cubature (wrapping construction) : approx. 3865 m³
 Project cost : approx. 7,8 Mio. Euro (gross), without powerstation technology
german concrete award 2011
pbb german trade building award 2010
international liechtenstein award for sustainable construction in the alps (nominated project) 2010
german architecture award 2011 (mention)