Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA
The Spruce Tree House is the third largest cliff dwelling in the park. It was constructed in the 13th century by the Anasazi indians. The cliff dwelling contains 114 rooms is 216 feet wide and 89 feet deep.
With over 200 rooms, Cliff Palace is the largest cliff dwelling in Mesa Verde
Water is running down the rocks on this rainy day. In ancient times fires were burning all across the public places.
Inside the Kiva. Kivas were ceremonial rooms. They were entered through a ladder as shown here. If not used for ceremonial purposes (praying, healing), the Kiva served as a work place and a place for gatherings.
Kivas had to be entered through a narrow hole in the center of the roof. There was no other entry point.
Kiva had an elaborate ventilation system including air deflectors.
The Kiva can be entered through this public place. During bad weather, the Anasazi used to work inside their small bedrooms. The entrance doors could be covered with animal skins. During good weather people usually worked outside.
This dwelling was 3 stories high. The higher their social status was, the higher up they used to live.
Close to Spruce Tree House were storage buildings. Here crops could be stored.
The logs between the third and second floor were most likely holding a balcony.
Dr. EMAD HANI ISMAEEL
Ph.D. in Technologies for the Exploitation
of the Cultural Heritage .
Senior Lecturer in the Dept. of ArchitectureE-mail: email@example.com
College of Engineering , University of Mosul
Mosul - Iraq .
Web Site: http://sites.google.com/site/emadhanee/
Tel : +964 (0)770 164 93 74