الخميس، 3 مايو، 2012

Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA

 

Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA

Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA
The Spruce Tree House is the third largest cliff dwelling in the park. It was constructed in the 13th century by the Anasazi indians. The cliff dwelling contains 114 rooms is 216 feet wide and 89 feet deep.

Cliff Palace - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA

With over 200 rooms, Cliff Palace is the largest cliff dwelling in Mesa Verde
Cliff Palace - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA
Water is running down the rocks on this rainy day. In ancient times fires were burning all across the public places.

Kiva - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA

Inside the Kiva. Kivas were ceremonial rooms. They were entered through a ladder as shown here. If not used for ceremonial purposes (praying, healing), the Kiva served as a work place and a place for gatherings.

Kiva Entrance - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA
Kivas had to be entered through a narrow hole in the center of the roof. There was no other entry point.

Square Tower House veritcal

Kiva had an elaborate ventilation system including air deflectors.
Courtyard - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA
The Kiva can be entered through this public place. During bad weather, the Anasazi used to work inside their small bedrooms. The entrance doors could be covered with animal skins. During good weather people usually worked outside.
Spruce Tree House Courtyard and Kiva - Mesa Verde NP, CO, USA
This dwelling was 3 stories high. The higher their social status was, the higher up they used to live.

Storage Units - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA

Close to Spruce Tree House were storage buildings. Here crops could be stored.
Courtyard - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA
The logs between the third and second floor were most likely holding a balcony.

Cliff Dwelling - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA
Cliff Palace - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA

Spruce Tree House Walls - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA
Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA
Crouching Dwellings - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA
Smaller Dwellings - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA

Storage Buildings - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA
Storage Buildings - Mesa Verde National Park, CO, USA

http://www.aguntherphotography.com/usa_west/mesa_verde/photos/photo_18.html

Dr. EMAD HANI ISMAEEL
                 Ph.D. in Technologies for the Exploitation
                 of the Cultural Heritage .
                 Senior Lecturer in the Dept. of ArchitectureE-mail:        emadhanee@yahoo.com

                 College of Engineering , University of Mosul 
                 Mosul - Iraq .

                   emadhanee@gmail.com
                   http://emadhani.blogspot.com/
Tel :           +964 (0)770 164 93 74
 

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